This glossary gives you definitions for terms commonly used in German
building legislation (BauGB – Town and Country Planning Code)
A general planner assumes the overall responsibility for complex planning projects. From the outset, he does separate specialized planning – environmental protection, supply, drainage, and travel and transportation – and coordinates it for the contractor, then organizes and supervises the individual planning phases.
The Regional Development Plan (LEP) for the Environment coordinates the various rights of land utilization in the region. It determines the aims of the utilization of space for relocation, business zones, public thoroughfares, and areas for leisure activities, sport and relaxation, as well as for unspoild – in part natural – countryside. In this way, the rural districts, towns and municipalities are given a binding framework on which to base their own planning. The LEP is updated every 12 to 15 years.
The FNP is a ‘preliminary land utilization plan’. It shows the essential aspects of planned land utilization for the entire municipal and town area. Although, it does not actually generate planning and building legislation. In other words, it is not legally binding for the local citizens. It is, however, binding for the authorities. It takes the main principles of the LEP into consideration and determines the framework for the development plans.
The B-Plan is a legally binding land utilization plan. It is adopted by the local council as a municipal by law and is legally binding for everybody. In so doing, the municipality determines which areas are utilized for what purpose, all in strict consideration of environmental protection.
The B-Plan is also drawn up with the collaboration of the local citizens and the authorities concerned. As a rule, it takes approx. 6 to 15 months of preparation.